Three Types Of Medical Laboratory


medical lab in Dubai specializes in research and analysis, and its workers study organic matter such as blood, urine, tissues, cells, and more. These analyses help medical researchers learn more about the disease and develop viable treatments. These professionals run tests on samples from patients to discover the cause of a disease or the best way to treat it.


Microbiology in the medical laboratory plays a crucial role in diagnosing and treating infections. This discipline performs various tests, including testing for antibiotic susceptibility. The correct use of antibiotics is important in combating the emergence of antibiotic-resistant bacteria. However, too much use of antibiotics can have harmful consequences. To avoid this problem, the laboratory performs antibiotic susceptibility testing to determine which drugs are appropriate for each patient.

There are three main groups of organisms tested in clinical microbiology laboratories. The first group includes the pathogens, and the second group consists of the normal flora. The third group includes environmental microorganisms, which are generally not associated with human disease. However, the clinical laboratory’s process is tailored to detect known pathogens.


Immunology in the medical laboratory is a rapidly growing discipline. The emphasis in the field has changed from diagnostics to evaluating the functioning and responsiveness of the immune system. Furthermore, new diseases and information about established disorders are increasing the need for more complex immunologic studies.

Clinical immunology is a branch of laboratory medicine focusing on detecting antibodies to infections. It uses traditional techniques and more sensitive assay systems to identify the immune system’s responsiveness and function. New and evolving technologies have also spurred the field’s advancements. New areas of study in immunology, such as autoimmune diseases, allergy and asthma, organ and bone marrow transplantation, and lymphoid and plasma cell malignancies, have opened new vistas for laboratory immunology.


Pathology is a branch of medical science that focuses on the causes and nature of the disease, from microbes to cancer. Pathologists examine organs, tissues, and bodily fluids to help diagnose and treat patients. They also perform autopsies to determine the cause of death. Pathologists work in different disciplines, including anatomic pathology, clinical pathology, and cytology.

Pathologists have licensed physicians with specialized training in medical pathology. They evaluate bodily tissues and fluids to determine disease severity. They work closely with other healthcare professionals, assessing patient health and making treatment recommendations. Most pathologists receive education and training in anatomical and clinical pathology, and some go on to specialize.