In most countries, renewable energy sources provide a clean, affordable energy source for various applications. The main types of renewable energy in the UAE include solar, wind, hydro, geothermal, and biomass. They are primarily used to produce electricity. But these sources also provide power for heating, water, lighting, and transportation.
Renewable technologies’ benefits include sustainable development, diversification, and environmental preservation. Moreover, these energy sources are virtually inexhaustible.
Historically, harnessing the sun’s power has been used for heating, lighting, and transportation. However, over the last 500 years, humans have increasingly depended on more polluting fuels. Fortunately, renewables are now replacing dirty fossil fuels in the power sector.
Renewables will make up 35 percent of global energy usage by 2030. Most of this increase will come from solar. But non-hydro renewables are also increasing, with biofuels, biomass, and wind contributing.
For most renewable energy applications, the cost is an important factor. The level of production equipment has a large impact on the per-kilowatt-hour cost of delivered power. In addition, a renewable resource’s quality affects the amount of energy it can produce.
Many countries recognize the importance of expanding their electricity supply by attracting investment in renewable energy projects. This is a strategy that can help sustain growth while minimizing emissions. It is sometimes unclear how renewable energy will be treated in different contexts, including urban areas.
The major commercial grid-connected renewable resources include wind, solar, and biomass. These are the fastest-growing energy sources in the world, with nearly 11.2 percent of all electricity produced in 2020 coming from modern renewable.
These systems are generally divided into on-grid and off-grid applications. The difference is that on-grid generation is more centralized, with many generating units connected to the grid. Off-grid generation is less centralized, with smaller, local generation facilities known as “mini-grids” that serve a small region or a neighborhood.
Depending on the location of the mini-grid, it can be used for industry, homes, tourist facilities, or remote islands. Several factors determine how quickly a resource can be deployed, including policy decisions, the proximity of the resources to transmission and demand, and market conditions.